PROJECT TITLE: PEDESTRIAN ACCESS AND MOBILITY IN THE CENTRAL AREA OF CONSTANȚA MUNICIPALITY
I. Site description
The area proposed for carrying out the investment objective is located in the central part of Constanţa municipality and is limited by Ştefan cel Mare Street, Mircea cel Bătrân Street, Ferdinand Blvd., Atelierelor Street, Mihai Viteazu Street.
The streets included in the project are the following: Ștefan cel Mare Street, Ferdinand Blvd., Mircea cel Bătrân Street, Mamaia Blvd., Cuza Vodă Street, Ion Gheorghe Duca Street, Atelierelor Street, Mihai Viteazul Street, Miron Costin Street, Ion Lahovari Street, Jupiter Street, Ștefan Mihăileanu Street, General Manu Street, Răscoalei 1907 Street.
The area associated with the investment object is 76995 sqm.
The actual use of the land is: public vehicle and pedestrian traffic.
II. Necessity and opportunity of the proposed investment objective
The site is located in a dynamic area, drawing population flows not only from local area, but also from the metropolitan area, to which the tourists visiting, transiting and staying in the area are added. Existence of multiple administrative, commercial, bank, touristic, promenade and recreation interest points represents the main factor for drawing these flows. Being an attractive area, it is mandatory to start an urban project to reshape and redefine the central area of the city.
The major attractiveness of the central area has lead to some traffic dysfunctionalities which require the approach of some projects to reduce the traffic values, to reduce the pressure generated by the vehicles accessing the central area, to promote walking, the use of the bicycle, alternative transportation or fast and ecologic public transportation, namely a change of the mobility inside Constanța Municipality.
Currently, Ștefan cel Mare Street and the adjacent streets represent the main promenade area for the inhabitants of Constanţa and for the visitors. The area served by the streets included in the project represents one of the areas with very high commercial and touristic potential. It is an area intensely used by the inhabitants of Constanţa municipality, as well as by the tourists visiting or transiting Constanța Municipality.
The area is under an intense pressure also as a result on the access towards the commercial area on Ștefan cel Mare Street, for Teatrului Park, Mircea cel Bătrân National College, public institutions and others.
The pedestrian infrastructure related to the above mentioned area has a very low quality, with large deteriorated areas and with a narrow pedestrian space.
Ferdinand Boulevard represents one of the most important arterial roads of Constanța Municipality, connecting the Constanța Railway Station, center of the city and the Peninsular area (old center).
Ferdinand Boulevard currently provides:
- public transportation both at the level of Constanţa municipality, as well as at metropolitan level,
- connection with the railway network, whereas the Constanța Railway Station is located at the Western limit of Ferdinand Boulevard,
- an intense economic activity: services, commerce, given the fact that the recreational area Touristic Port of Tomis is located at the Eastern limit,
- pedestrian facilities (sidewalks), whereas this boulevard transits important residential areas: Railway Station, Centre and Old Centre neighborhoods,
- stations serving the public transportation.
All these facilities are precarious, do not meet the current standards and do not provide the related functionality.
As regards the facilities for cyclists and the runways dedicated to public transportation means, they are inexistent along the entire Ferdinand Boulevard, leading to a difficult traffic, congestions and traffic delays for both the public transportation means and the private transportation means. The chaotic and intensive use of the boulevard has lead to the deterioration of the streets and sidewalks network, making mobility more difficult and endangering the traffic safety.
The more and more precarious status of Ferdinand Boulevard, the higher and higher need of urban accessibility requires interventions at boulevard infrastructure level, aiming to encourage public transportation, walking and bicycle riding, in order to reduce the carbon emissions in Constanţa Municipality and to increase the urban mobility.
Mircea cel Bătrân Street and the adjacent area represent an important promenade area for inhabitants and tourists, being located in the central area of Constanța Municipality, ensuring at the same time the public transportation.
Cuza Vodă Street and the adjacent area represent the main promenade area for inhabitants of Constanța Municipality and tourists.
As a consequence, the central area has a deficit of favorable public areas and a precarious infrastructure for non-motorized travels – pedestrian or by bicycle.
As an effect of the excessive use of personal vehicles and of the increasing need of parking lots in the last two decades, the quality of the public areas and arrangements for pedestrians has drastically decreased, the number of pedestrians in motion in the city center being very low compared to the size of the city.
Therefore, it is required to transform the old system of the traffic network for the studies area into a new, efficient system, corresponding to a new city, with an increased vitality in all areas: tourism, commerce, administrative activity etc.
At the same time, the considered area provides access to Gate 1 and Gate 2 of Constanţa Port. Gate 1 represents the main access gate to the administrative buildings of port authorities and institutions.
III. Correlation with other investment objectives
Constanţa Municipality has implemented a series of projects in order to regenerate, revitalize and reconfigure the central area of Constanța Municipality:
- Integrated restoration and rehabilitation of the historical area – Ovidiu Square;
- Restoration and rehabilitation of the promenade and green areas around Vraja Mǎrii – Cazino – Tomis Port area;
- Integrated rehabilitation of the pedestrian area in the historic center of Constanţa Municipality;
This project is complementary to the above mentioned projects and shall contribute, together with them, to reaching the strategic objectives of the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan for the Constanţa Growth Pole, namely:
- ACCESSIBILITY – Provides options of public transportation for all citizens, allowing them access to essential destinations and services;
- SAFETY AND SECURITY – Improvement of traffic safety and security;
- ENVIRONMENT – Reduces air and sonic pollution, greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption;
- ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY – Improvement of passenger and goods transportation efficiency and profitability;
- URBAN ENVIRONMENT QUALITY – Contributes to the increase of urban environment quality and attractiveness and to designing an urban environment for the benefit of the citizens, economy and society in general.
This project is complementary to the following investments which are in the financing preparation stage for the fiscal period 2014-2020:
- Mobility improvement in Constanţa Municipality, 1 Mai Blvd. – Sos. Mangaliei Street area
- Mobility improvement in Constanţa Municipality, between the Railway Station and Mamaia Resort;
- Integrated rehabilitation of the pedestrian area in the historic center of Constanţa Municipality – stage II,
- Rehabilitation, modernization and equipping the I.N. Roman Technological High School, Constanţa,
- Mobility improvement for the access into the Port of Constanţa.
IV. Brief description of the investment objective
Destination and functions
The main objective is the urban regeneration of the central area through a series of measures.
One of the measures is to transform the segment of Ștefan cel Mare Street in a modern pedestrian esplanade, major interest point and brand of Constanța municipality, renewing an identity route which, only 10 years ago, was scattered with stores, bank offices, Notary Public offices, restaurants and cafes, reflecting a successful commercial life, followed by a decadence, becoming an unproductive and mainly a transit area, the only interventions being made in the portion between Răscoalei 1907 Street and Mihai Viteazu Street, due to the presence of Tomis Mall.
The intervention is dedicated both to the municipality citizens and to tourists, being as much important as it contributes, besides to the improvement of the area microclimate and to the increase of the life quality standard at Municipality level, to promoting tourism in country and abroad, generating economic growth at local and national level.
It’s vital role is to create relations between the old and the new, connecting promenade routes with the most influential commercial area of the city, as part of a master plan for Municipality development. By this unitary way of thinking and the memory of the place, it is necessary to treat this pedestrian arterial route so that the commercial and social life revives and reconnects itself to the city organism.
For this purpose, it is essential to functionally solve the route under the conditions of excluding the vehicles traffic along the entire site, being taken over by the major arterial roads and ensuring the continuation of pedestrian traffic. In order to do this it is necessary to analyze, within the traffic survey (currently being drawn up), the traffic flows and the traffic volumes, as well as the variants of crossing the crossroads through underground or ground level pedestrian passageways, or by elevating the pedestrian crossings in order to ease the traffic and limit the restrictions.
Another measure consists in modernizing the sidewalks along the street segments associated with the investment objective: Mamaia Boulevard, Mihai Viteazu Street, I.Gh.Duca Street, Atelierelor Street, Ștefan Mihăileanu Street, Cuza Vodă Street, General Manu Street, Răscoalei 1907 Street, Miron Costin Street, Ion Lahovari Street, Jupiter Street, as well as the entire prospect of Ferdinand Boulevard and Mircea cel Bătrân Street.
This intervention implies to keep the destinations and functions associated with these locations, optimizing the traffic, public transportation and introducing the alternative mobility elements.
Foreseen, specific characteristics, parameters and technical data
Total area to be transformed in a pedestrian walkway on Ștefan cel Mare Street = 20,350 sqm.
Area proposed for transformation from roadway to pedestrian walkway on Ștefan cel Mare Street = 8,370 sqm.
Total area of sidewalks to be modernized on the following streets: Mamaia Boulevard, Mihai Viteazu Street, I. Gh. Duca Street, Atelierelor Street, Ștefan Mihăileanu Street, Cuza Vodă Street, General Manu Street, Răscoalei 1907 Street, Miron Costin Street, Ion Lahovari Street, Jupiter Street = approximately 12,500 sqm.
Total area of the streets to be integrally modernized: Ferdinand Boulevard and Mircea cel Bătrân Street = approximately 60,000 sqm., out of which sidewalks area = approximately 24,600 sqm.
Main works proposed for the investment objective:
- Integral restoration of the occasional pedestrian roadway infrastructure
- Delimitation of a main pedestrian transit route allowing its undisturbed transit by bicycles and the access of intervention vehicles for urban mobility stimulation
- Demarcation of a more generous area, accessible and open, dedicated for events
- Introduction of the Water element (still water, dynamic water, watercourses, waterfalls, sprayed water etc.), as a factor of growing the microclimate quality and heat comfort in the context of the urban heat island and as driving factor for the architectural plastic expression and identity
- Introduction of some attractive elements, in the sense of adapting to the context the modern phenomenon of urban play and direct participation, which could stop the passerby from its transit and turn it from spectator into an actor, in the urban scenography displayed in front of it, such as shadow elements in some innovative configurations, elements of interactive urban art or other elements which attract due to their color, projections and technology
- Landscaping with quality urban furniture, with customized design and connected to modern smart technologies, as interface for supporting or regulating the various specific urban activities
- Development of the Vegetation element, aiming to improve the microclimate and, implicitly, the heat comfort during hot summers and to provide an aesthetic environmental framework for the area by various approaches: preservation of mature elements, creating new planted areas, removable flower boxes, greenery curtains etc. They should have innovative vegetation scenery by chromatics, diversity and texture, using acclimatized species which need an easy maintenance, resistant to city conditions and to the social danger
- Introduction of a modern and innovative concept regarding the public lighting system, hierarchical and tailored on the functional and aesthetic needs of the areas and sub-areas of the site, using lights with contemporary design, adapted to the overall image and which meet the directives of the current energy saving trends, by using LED and telemanagement technologies
- Implementation of a video surveillance system
- Provision of data transfer services – free Wi-Fi, on the entire site
- Implementation of a system monitoring the number of pedestrians at least in two points
- Creation of a single technical trench system in order to bury the electrical and optic fiber cables in the underground
- Rehabilitation and modernization of the rainwater sewage system for the site
- Providing irrigation for the green areas by modern, automatic irrigation systems
- Rehabilitation of the existing pedestrian underground passageway located at the intersection with Mihai Viteazu Street and its adaptation for the access of cyclists and disabled persons.
- Traffic systematization at the intersection of the pedestrian areas with the major crossroads by analysing at least three solutions: aboveground multiple level passageway, underground passageway, easing the traffic by increasing the height of the pedestrian crossings/transit areas.
The investment objective aims to improve the quality of the urban area by promoting alternative transportation means, therefore generating the conditions for reducing the CO2-equivalent emissions.
Therefore, among the positive effects foreseen as the investment objective is achieved are the following:
- improvement of public passenger transportation;
- reduction of the transit time for the public passenger transportation;
- improvement of accessibility to public passenger transportation;
- increasing the number of the public transportation system users;
- improvement of the pedestrian infrastructure;
- accessibility of the urban areas, especially for disabled persons;
- creation of bicycle facilities (separate tracks, bicycle parking spaces etc.);
- increasing the number of the persons using the bicycle as a mean of transportation.
Development of urban mobility should become a lot less dependent on the use of personal motor vehicles, by changing the focus from a mobility mainly based on using the personal motor vehicles to a mobility based on walking, using the bicycle as a mean of transportation, high quality public transportation, reducing the use of personal motor vehicles.
VI. Identification of the financing sources
Regional Operational Programme 2014 – 2020, Priority Axis 4 – Supporting the sustainable urban development, Investment priority 4e. Promoting strategies with carbon dioxide emissions for all types of territory, especially for the urban areas, including promoting the sustainable multimodal urban mobility and the adaptation measures relevant for attenuation.