PROJECT TITLE: IMPROVING THE MOBILITY IN CONSTANȚA MUNICIPALITY, AREA OF 1 MAI BLVD. – ȘOSEAUA MANGALIEI STREET
I. Site description
The site is located in Constanţa Municipality. The land destination set forth in the approved urban and land management plans: public vehicle and pedestrian traffic.
The site includes important arterial roads of the Municipality: 1 Mai Blvd, and Șos. Mangaliei Street, providing access from the south (including from A4 motorway).
1. Mai Blvd. (between Traian Street and Șos. Mangaliei Street)
1 Mai Blvd. represents one of the most important arterial roads of Constanța Municipality, being part of the axis crossing the city on the South – Centre – North direction and overlapping the National Road DN39. To the south, the axis continues through Șos. Mangaliei Street and to the north through 1 Decembrie 1918 Blvd. and Tomis Blvd., towards North, respectively Alexandru Lăpușneanu Blvd., towards North-East.
1 Mai Blvd. has an approximate length of 2 km, with a variable prospect between 29.2 – 35.1 m and shall include both the sidewalks, as well as the roadway.
2. Șos. Mangaliei Street (between 1 Mai Blvd. and the administrative limits of the city, on DN39, south of the intersection with DN39E)
Șos. Mangaliei Street represents also one of the most important arterial roads of the municipality, being part of the axis crossing the city on the South – Centre – North direction, overlapping DN39. To the north, the axis continues through 1 Mai Blvd. and to the south it provides connections with the seaside resorts, by continuing DN39, respectively with Cumpăna locality, continuing on DN39E, towards South-West.
Șos. Mangaliei Street has an approximate length of 2.7 km, with a variable prospect between 16.0 – 30.1 m and shall include both the sidewalks, as well as the roadway.
II. Necessity and opportunity of the investment objective:
Development of a transport infrastructure in accordance with the increasing transport needs should remain permanently one of the priorities of the national and local authorities, regardless of the economic or budget restraints.
Accessibility is a key element in the urban analysis of transports, as it is a direct expression of mobility, either we are talking about population or economic activities. Efficient and well developed transport systems provide a high level of accessibility as integrated systems. Within the assignment areas, accessibility is measured by specific indicators describing the position of an object at the urban structure level, based on connectivity, travelling methods (car, public transportation, bicycle etc.), correlation between the passenger volumes and traffic, respectively the travelling speed, depending on the arterial road capacity and its category.
The site is located in a dynamic area, drawing population flows not only from local area, but also from the metropolitan area, to which the tourists visiting, transiting and staying in the area are added. Existence of multiple educational, administrative, commercial, bank, touristic, promenade and recreation interest points represents the main factor for drawing these flows. Being an attractive area, it is mandatory to start an urban project to reshape and redefine this area.
The major attractiveness of the area has lead to some traffic dysfunctionalities which require the approach of some projects to reduce the traffic values, to reduce the pressure generated by the vehicles accessing this area, to promote walking, the use of the bicycle, alternative transportation or fast and ecologic public transportation, namely a change of the mobility inside Constanța Municipality.
III. Correlation with other investment objectives
Part of the package of projects designed as an integrated whole at SIDU [*Integrated Urban Development Strategy] level, the project supports the sustainable urban development within the measure regarding urban mobility, complementary to the measures promoting the physical renovation of the urban areas, economic development, social inclusion and rehabilitation of the educational infrastructure.
The project comes to continue some initiatives of the municipality implemented from various financing sources during the previous budgetary period, respectively 2007 -2013, such as:
- Integrated restoration and rehabilitation of the historical area – Ovidiu Square;
- Mamaia touristic promenade;
- Restoration and rehabilitation of the promenade and green areas around Vraja Mării – Cazino – Tomis Port area;
- Integrated rehabilitation of the pedestrian area in the historic center of Constanţa Municipality;
- Improving access between Constanţa Municipality and Năvodari industrial platform by widening and modernizing Mamaia – Năvodari Boulevard.
Through the targeted objectives and activities, the project integrates with the following projects in process of implementation at the level of the Territorial Administrative Unit Constanța Municipality:
- Port-Cities: INNOVATION FOR SUSTAINABILITY (PORTIS) – financed by HORIZON 2020 programme – MG.5.5 – 2015 Demonstrating and testing innovative solutions for a cleaner and better urban transport and mobility;
- BERD – modernizing and reorganizing the RATC [*The Autonomous Transportation Enterprise of Constanta] fleet according to Regulation no. 1370/2007;The project is complementary to the following investments which are in the financing preparation stage for the fiscal period 2014-2020;
- Rehabilitation, modernization and equipping the all-day Kindergarten no. 42 , Constanţa
- Rehabilitation, modernization and equipping the Marine Technical College “Al. I. Cuza”, Constanţa
- Increasing the energy efficiency of the “Ovidius” Theoretical High School, Constanţa
- Rehabilitation of the Secondary School no. 16 “Marin Ionescu Dobrogianu”
IV. Brief description of the investment objective
The main objective is to carry out interventions on the infrastructure of the arterial roads: 1 Mai Blvd. and Șos. Mangaliei Street, within the established limits, so that a more efficient use of the road area is provided, in order to encourage the use of more environmentally friendly transportation means and to adapt them to the needs of persons with disabilities and low mobility.
The systematization of the two arterial roads shall be carried out so that they provide the following: rearrangement of the street network, creating new runways dedicated to public transportation means and bicycle tracks, reorganizing the vehicle storage facilities (park lots), stations for the public transportation, improving the pedestrian facilities (sidewalks, crossing ways, including for disabled persons), markings and indicators.
The interventions shall imply keeping and supplementing the destinations and functions associated with these locations, optimizing the traffic, public transportation and introducing the alternative mobility elements.
Purpose of the project:
- To provide smooth traffic between the interest points of the Municipality using the public transportation, by creating lanes dedicated to such transportation mean, favoring the traffic of the public transportation vehicles, in relation to the general traffic
- To provide a fluent traffic between the interest points of the Municipality using the bicycle and pedestrian ways, by creating/rehabilitating/modernizing the specific infrastructure (bicycle runways, sidewalks)
- To reduce the greenhouse gas emissions by promoting public, pedestrian and bicycle transportation
The project aims to develop an attractive and efficient public transportation system, to create and extend a coherent network of bicycle tracks/routes, as well as to create/modernize a pedestrian route comfortable for pedestrians by re-planning the road area of 1 Mai/ Șoseaua Mangaliei Blvd.
The proposed solutions lead to a stimulation of the public transportation use, as well as to an increase of the attractiveness of pedestrian and bicycle traffic due to the creation/rehabilitation of specific infrastructure, including to an increase of the comfort and safety of these travel methods.
It is found that in order to establish a correct and rational transport solution, the decision-making process inside the transport policy must rely on analyses and optimizations of the possible variants. Under these conditions, adopting the solution for transport organization can be seen as a managerial decision with multidisciplinary contributions from engineer, urban, economy specialists, environment specialists, computer technicians, sociologists etc. This decision shall be substantiated and proposed for approval to the decision-making factor within the design documents to be drafted.
Designing an efficient transport permanently needs a thorough analysis and an assessment of the manner in which the travels are carried out.
VI. Identification of the financing sources
Regional Operational Programme 2014 – 2020, Priority Axis 4 – Supporting the sustainable urban development, Investment priority 4e. Promoting strategies with carbon dioxide emissions for all types of territory, especially for the urban areas, including promoting the sustainable multimodal urban mobility and the adaptation measures relevant for attenuation.