PROJECT TITLE: Extension to 4 lanes of the existing road between Gate 10 Bis and Gate 10 and systemising the area behind Gate 10 – Constanta Port.
I. Site description
Located on the Western coast of the Black Sea at 179 nM of the Bosporus Strait and at 85 nM of Sulina Branch, where the Danube flows into the sea, Constanta Port covers a total area of 3,926 ha, of which 1,313 ha of land and 2,613 ha of water. Constanta Port has an annual operation capacity of approximately 120 million tons, being served by 156 berths, out of which 140 are operational. The total length of the piers is 29.83 km and the depths vary between 7 and 19 m.
The vehicle and pedestrian access into Constanţa Port is made through 10 access gates, located both in the northern and in the southern part of the port, serving the population coming from areas and neighbourhoods of Constanţa and people coming from other localities or regions through direct connection, for example, with the Sun’s Motorway.
The level of using the 10 access variants into the Constanţa Port is determined by the specificity of the gates, by their operation status, as well as by the capacity of the allowed vehicles. In addition, the criteria related to proximity and accessibility have led to significant differences of the traffic recorded at the 10 access gates.
Gate 10 is intended for the entry and exit of freight vehicles with a total mass of less than 3.5 tons, with or without cargo, as well as for persons (pedestrian or passenger means of transportation: cars, minibuses, buses, mopeds, bicycles).
Occasionally, for the decongestion of traffic under customs conditions communicated and with the information of the road service of IJP Constanta, it is possible to allow the entry/exit of freight transport vehicles with a total mass greater than 3.5 tons, with or without cargo.
In addition, Gate 10 is also used for oversized transportation to the southern area of Constanta Port.
Gate 10 Bis is the main catalyst for heavy traffic in the southern part of Constanta Port, and from the point of view of the total traffic registered, it ranks second in the level of all Constanta Port access points.
II. Necessity and opportunity of the proposed investment objective
The proposed investment objective is to rehabilitate the road infrastructure.
At present, the investment “Road Bridge at km 0+540 over CDMN” has been completed, which also includes a new gateway called Gate 10 Bis which provides access to the port directly from Constanta City Beltway, as well as the bridge connecting Intersection way with DN 39, taken from the neighbourhood of Gate 10 Bis. This intersection way creates the possibility of access via Gate 10 as an alternative to entry through Gate 10 Bis.
The main objective of the project is to ensure the continuity of traffic of the 4-lane road in the Constanta South Port after accessing the trucks on the new access Gate 10 Bis until the real access junction of Gate 10.
The current road between Gate 10 Bis and Gate 10 has only two lanes, and the current technical state is inadequate for both current traffic and the one running through the new Gate 10 Bis. This road section is entirely within the port. The land on which the investment is to be made is obtained on the sea through water fillings, with material from the Danube – Black Sea Channel.
At present, the intersection in the vicinity of Gate 10 is not arranged, and the land in the area is used by stationary heavy vehicles. It is intended to analyse traffic regulation scenarios with the following operational objectives:
- maintaining the traffic flow;
- reducing the risk of road accidents;
- minimizing the negative aspect on the environment and built areas.
III. Correlation with other investment objectives
“Conducting infrastructure works for the development of specialized terminals in the Port of Constanta South – PIER III S”
In the southern area of Constanta Port, the area of Pier III S, most of the existing infrastructure works, were executed before 1990 when they were stopped due to the restructuring process of the national economy.
The main feature of this area is the large depth of the port basins, which allows the mooring of large capacity vessels.
Although the area of Pier III S is of interest to various port operators in developing specialized terminals, this area cannot be used for appropriate port activities due to several technical factors that are not being implemented, respectively:
- the infrastructure works related to Pier III S are unfinished and at different stages of execution;
- the piers of Pier III S that are executed are generally at pier wall level, without having the crown made;
- port territories are almost lacking;
- no infrastructure works have been carried out to connect the area to the operational areas of Constanta South Port, such as roads, railway connections and utility networks;
- geometrical shape of Pier III S, as designed in the ’80s and remained as configured following non-completion of work, no longer meets current projects to develop specialized terminals mainly because of its very small width.
According to the Master Plan of Constanta Port, the infrastructure works for the development of specialized terminals in the Port of Constanta South – Pier III S are supposed to achieve three Territorial Development Stages, thus:
Stage I – Pier III S is closed on the West Side and Pier head is set up. There will be three new operating berths at a depth of – 16.50 m and a surface of 58 ha.
Stage II – The head of the Pier and the subdivision Dig is lengthened in order to make the fillings. There will be another operating berth at the depth of – 16.50 m and a surface of 40 ha;
Stage III – The pier is made on the eastern side. There will be 3 new operating berths at a depth of – 19.00 m and a surface of 9 ha.
The project has as main objectives:
- the construction of specialized terminals in the Port;
- ensuring deep depth berths;
- the easy access and mooring of large-scale maritime vessels;
- upgrading the facilities and infrastructure of the Port;
- increasing the possibilities of attracting new goods (e.g. RoRo ferry traffic);
- setting up the bases for additional traffic corridors that will be established in the long term for the Caucasus and Central Asia (the old Silk Road)
IV. Brief description of the investment objective
The main works within the project are to develop a 4-lane road with a length of 800 m between Gate 10 Bis and Gate 10, including the arrangement of a roundabout in the intersection with access from Gate 10. In addition to the work of the platform of the road, diversion works of the main utilities networks will be also carried out, which are on the site of the future road, namely: the drinking water supply pipeline of the Constanta Port; domestic drainage pipes; medium and low voltage electrical cables; telecommunication cables.
The road will have a non-practicable medium lane of 2.50 m in which all electrical and telecommunication cables as well as two-arm lighting pillars will be laid to ensure road lighting. The road intersects with an existing railroad where the rehabilitation and extension of the existing passageway was foreseen.
Preliminarily, the road will have a single slope of 1%, with a pluvial channel (open trench), and on the other side a pavement will be made. However, according to the consultant’s recommendation, a constant underground drainage system in gutters, channels and gravity pipes will be implemented instead of the open trench.
Taking into account the objective and the obligation to ensure the continuity of port development with the efficient exploitation of existing and future resources and infrastructure, C.N. A.P.M. S.A. Constanţa wants to rehabilitate and extend the 4-lane road between Gate 10 and Gate 10 Bis, including the roundabout of the Gate 10 area, to ensure fluent traffic to these gates and implicitly inside the Constanţa Port.
Between Gates 10 and 10 Bis, on both sides of the road are located leased, fenced plots of the port operators, inside which various buildings are arranged. In the completion of the final extension project, route variants will be analysed so that these plots are affected as little as possible.
In the future, it is expected that traffic will increase significantly compared to the current momentum, both due to increased commodity traffic through existing specialized terminals and through the emergence and development of new activities.
VI. Identification of the financing sources:
Budget of the National Company “Maritime Ports Administration Constanta”.